• 7 DECEMBER 2018

    The “gate control” theory

    R. Melzac and P. Wall’s gate control theory presented in 1965, is based on the existence of different types of nerve fibers in charge of “sensation” transmission, from the human body fringe area to the central nervous system. In this way we have: – Small diameter myelinic fibers type A (delta) and unmyelinated type C.

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    • 13 NOVEMBER 2018

    Pain and electrical stimulation

    Pain is a complex sensation, which originates from the sensitive nerve terminals of the pain zone. The pain is then recognised and codified by the central nervous system which in its turn combats or lessens it. Any external intervention, either of a physical, pharmacological or surgical nature must be orientated as far as possible towards

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    • 14 OCTOBER 2018

    Perineal electrostimulation and biofeedback

    Pelvic floor or perineal stimulation is a popular method for treating incontinence. Pelvic floor electrostimulation successfully restores continence, especially in female patients.
 Pelvic floor electrostimulation is normally applied using vaginal electrodes (probes), characterised by at least two electrodes, often in the form of rings. The aim is to stimulate the group of perineal muscles, especially

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    • 6 SEPTEMBER 2018

    The wave-shape (NMS)

    To obtain a stimulated muscular contraction, we are obliged to produce a depolarisation of one or more motor units. The better way is to apply a current flow on a motor point, that is to say the point where the nervous fibre innervates the muscle fibre. Being the human tissues very similar to a capacitor,

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    • 6 AUGUST 2018

    How TENS Works

    At least two are recognised mechanisms through which the electrical stimulation reduces or eliminates the “pain” symptoms: 1 – The “Gate Control” theory By means of special adhesive electrodes, the electrical impulses are applied to the skin of the painful area; therefore, through “faster” sensitive nervous fibres, they reach the pain management centres in the

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    • 25 JULY 2018

    Neuro-Muscular Stimulation (NMS)

    The acronym N.M.E.S. stands for Neuro-muscular Electro-Stimulation. It is also known as Neuromuscular Stimulation (NMS), and is the process by which weak electrical impulses are used to contract and relax muscles to induce “passive” exercise. NMS has been used in the rehabilitation field for many years to treat and prevent the degeneration that can occur

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    • 16 MARCH 2018

    Notes on pain

    It is useful to dwell briefly on the subject of pain, as it has always been a point of particular clinical interest due to its hampering nature. Pain is a complex sensation, which originates from the sensitive nerve terminals of the pain zone. The pain is then recognised and codified by the central nervous system

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    • 8 NOVEMBER 2017

    Remove the pain

    … is an obliged stage, for the functionality recovering! PAIN is the most negative factor, influencing the psychophysical balance of an individual, up to prevent him from utilizing motivations and internal defence energy. The demonstrated analgesic effect of electrical stimulation can be attributable to different mechanisms, according to the intensity and to the pulse width,

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